CSCE’s Peace Efforts in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict during the Czechoslovak Chairmanship in 1992
The year 2022 marked thirty years since the Chairmanship of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in the CSCE. The article focuses on one of the main agendas of that period: the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. It aims to assess the success of the CSCE peacemaking activities and initiatives during 1992 and to answer the question of whether individual actors’ efforts led to a peaceful solution, defusing the situation, and improving relations between the parties to the conflict in the South Caucasus region. Finally, the article concludes that, although the CSCE gradually moved from soft actions to peacebuilding activities, it lacked peace-making experience and sufficiently developed and flexible mechanisms compared to other international organizations.